Octothorpe House was designed by Mork-Ulnes Architects for a couple of technologically progressive clients who, coming from a large city, decided to embark on a more outdoor-centric life in Oregon’s high desert. The architects employed CLT (Cross Laminated Timber), an environmentally sustainable and technologically advanced building method. Octothorpe House is one of the first American made and built CLT single-family residences.
Mork-Ulnes capitalized on their experience in designing both mountain retreats and more permanent dwellings to develop the design for Octothorpe House. The outcome is a hybrid between a cabin and a house, possibly a new residential typology in an era when the relationship between Humans and their environment is being evaluated and redefined. This house represents yet another opus in Mork-Ulnes Architects’ coherent portfolio of works. MUA’s designs testify to the office’s strong bicultural mentalities: a blend of Scandinavian straightforward practicality and Californian openness to innovation, considerations of sustainability always present in all of the practice’s projects.
Octothorpe House sits atop a plot blanketed with sagebrush, bitterbrush and junipers, the site of a forest lost to wildfire two decades ago. Ponderosa pine forests can be seen in the distance as the high desert arid land transitions into lusher vegetation. A popular spot for outdoor enthusiasts, it is located within easy reach of the trails, the Deschutes River and Mirror Pond, the nearby Cascade Lakes, and ski slopes of the Mount Bachelor ski resort and of the Cascade Mountains. The lot has sweeping views of the snow-capped peaks of the Three Sisters mountains and of the Deschutes River National Forest.
For years, clients Mike and Katherine had considered moving from the city to allow their young child to enjoy a more outdoor-centric life. The couple, who are originally from the UK and Texas, are technologically progressive. Around 2016 they purchased a plot of land in Bend, Oregon, attracted by the local climate — typical of the high desert with arid summer months as well as snowy winters, cool nights and sunny days — and by the diverse topography of lakes, mountains, trails and desert terrain that allow for a wealth of outdoor pursuits. The clients had few requests for their new home, specifically that it be environmentally progressive and offer a high level of flexibility while embracing the desert landscape. They needed two bedrooms for themselves and their child and two guest bedrooms for frequent visitors and family abroad; additionally, in order to optimize square footage on a tight budget, they required flexible spaces for flexible uses - guestroom / office, exterior courtyard / outdoor playroom, garage / interior playroom.
The Construction Method
Cross Laminated Timber construction is a low-waste and high efficiency construction method whereby all materials are pre-cut off-site allowing for construction waste to be recycled responsibly at the factory. All of the CLT panels for Octothorpe House were created from sustainably harvested SFI/COC grown wood that was glued and laminated using low-VOC adhesive in a plant in Montana. Due to its CLT construction, this project has a projected 25 ton carbon embodiment within its walls, and a projected 15 metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions avoided.
The interior walls of the house are almost exclusively cross laminated panels made of pine, spruce, and fir with a natural oiled finish (with the exception of bathroom wet areas that are tiled), resulting in great air and acoustic qualities. Shou Sugi Ban - a burned cedar wood that is water-proof, resistant to decay and insects and fire resistant - was used on the exterior, requiring almost zero maintenance over time. “The clients came to us with the idea of building one of the first US produced CLT homes. They were inspired by the promising potentials of this system and in particular the sustainability factor of erecting an all wood building creating a carbon bank. As is often the case with early adoption of new technologies, the learning curve to implement a new and foreign technology required time and effort. The clients’ enthusiasm and determination to be forerunners really propelled the project forward which therefore turned out exemplary in many ways,” says Casper Mork-Ulnes
Encompassing 3,340 square feet, the single-floor dwelling reveals an ingenious plan layout. Four intersecting shed-roofed bars divide the plan into public and private areas, with a fully enclosed courtyard at the building’s center and seven semi-enclosed ones at its perimeter to bring light and air into every room. In plan, the house is organized around a simple grid of rectangles that dictates the size of the rooms and courtyards. There are no corridors, rather a fluid sequence of rooms following one and another. Inhabitants can move around the central courtyard, or cross it when doors are open. The criss-cross plan also lends itself to cross-ventilated air movement, providing relief from hot summer days. Also, it integrates operable concealed solar shades to protect the south facing rooms from the intense Oregon high-desert sun.“One of the guest rooms has a hidden Murphy bed, creating an office for the work-from-home couple when they are guest-free. The home’s enclosed central courtyard, visible from most rooms, doubles as a protected outdoor playground for the couple’s young son. In the winter, the large garage space becomes an indoor playroom.” reveals Lexie Mork-Ulnes. Further elaborates Casper Mork-Ulnes, “The narrowness of each bar and generous glazing on opposing walls create a light-filled interior that merges with the outside. Light and the surrounding landscape permeate each of the rooms.”
The interiors were inspired by Donald Judd’s Chinati Foundation in Marfa Texas, with dusty hues and sculptural forms shaping the space. The colour palette was meant to draw in the natural desert landscape. Simple wool and felt furnishings in geometric shapes were mixed with natural leather and wood. Mork-Ulnes contacted frequent collaborator and wood furniture artist Yvonne Mouser to create a unique coffee table for the main living space that was inspired by the “three sisters” volcanic peaks visible from the living room sofa. She designed a table that is composed of three chainsawed blocks of Douglas fir finished with a blow torch, penetrating the grey glass tabletop like layers of a geological cross section. Says Lexie, “The design for Octothorpe House was heavily influenced by the natural forms, colours, and textures of the high desert landscape. Its simple forms and monochromatic envelope defer to the natural setting.”
The house is organised around a series of light-filled spaces, the entry, kitchen and living room, bedrooms and lounge area - that all offer orchestrated glimpses into the central courtyard and ample views of the sky and the desert all around, which is covered in snow in colder months. The atypical organisation of spaces creates a delightful connection with the surroundings. Rock formations, native shrubs and bushes surround the residence, further integrating it with its rugged site. Inspired by the hues and textures of the surrounding landscape, the house tunes into the muted colour palette of its high desert surroundings. Outside, the Shou Sugi Ban cedar board siding takes on a muted ashen colour. The interior space is almost wholly homogenous, smooth cross laminated panels made of pine, spruce, and fir, creating an intimate and cosy feel.
The house’s most striking, yet most ephemeral, quality is the immaterial sense of liberty. The central and the perimeter courtyards frame views of the sky, while bringing ample natural light inside and providing optimal ventilation. During spring, summer and autumn, the living space expands into the courtyards. When the sliding doors are open, the house is fully porous, filled with an uninterrupted flow of scents and sounds travelling through from the outside. During the winter passive heating travels through the floor-to-ceiling windows and, though sealed off from its surroundings, the residence enhances the feeling of being outdoors while inside. Perfectly seamless.